The Valsalva-Stuttering System:
Beliefs, Intentions and
Copyright ?2012 by William D. Parry
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE IS NO LONGER CURRENT.
FOR THE LATEST INFORMATION ABOUT THE VALSALVA HYPOTHESIS, VALSALVA
STUTTERING THERAPY, AND THE NEW SELF-HELP EXERCISES, SEE THE REVISED AND
EXPANDED THIRD EDITION OF UNDERSTANDING & CONTROLLING STUTTERING
(2013), NOW AVAILABLE FROM THE NATIONAL STUTTERING ASSOCIATION.
blocks can be viewed as neurological motor programs that manifest the
intention to exert effort in trying to say a word, in response
to anxiety and/or the anticipation of difficulty.
program for effort is influenced by our beliefs, expectations
(anticipation of difficulty), and intentions. It may be
further intensified by fear. For example: